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  • Research on homework for elementary students

    research on homework for elementary students

    Looking across all the studies is supposed to offer a fairly accurate picture even though the science behind some of them is sketchy.In preparation for a book on the topic, I’ve spent a lot of time sifting through the research. For starters, there is absolutely no evidence of any academic benefit from assigning homework in elementary or middle school.She recommended that parents "eat dinner as a family, read together, play outside and get your child to bed early," strategies that she suggests are more closely tied to a child's success in the classroom than doing homework.While homework has a significant benefit at the high school level, the benefit drops off for middle school students and “there’s no benefit at the elementary school level,” agrees Etta Kralovec, an education professor at the University of Arizona.The key, they say, is to take into account grade-specific and developmental factors when determining the amount and kind of homework. Homework overload is the exception rather than the norm; however, according to research from the Brookings Institution and the Rand Corporation (see the Brown Center 2003 below).Dial it up, and you’ll get an earful from other parents about interference with after-school activities and family time.Young's rationale for her new policy, as she explained in her note, was that "research has been unable to prove that homework improves student performance." [10 Scientific Tips for Raising Happy Kids] Live Science spoke with three educators who have conducted research on homework and student performance to fact-check this statement, and to find out what studies have shown about homework's positive and negative effects.A Texas teacher's note to parents about her newly implemented "no formal homework policy" in her second-grade class went viral last week, opening up the floodgates for parents, teachers and school administrators to weigh in on this controversial topic.“Research has been unable to prove that homework improves student performances,” the teacher wrote to class parents. If the issue really is this black-and-white, why do elementary school teachers still assign homework?Here's a handy reference chart that lists the research-based pros and cons of homework: Although the debate about homework generally falls in the "it works" vs.Research has shown that free reading, or allowing students to read whatever books they want, does improve their academic performance, Pope said.
    • Research suggests that while homework can be an. students and little benefit for elementary students. Why Homework Should Be Balanced. Homework can.
    • You might think homework is a great thing, but recent research suggests that maybe it's time to re-evaluate our use of it.
    • Duke University researchers have reviewed more than 60 research studies on homework between. Duke Study Homework Helps Students. than elementary students.
    • In elementary school. In fact. to how much homework the student did. Previous research has looked only at. between how much homework students report doing.

    research on homework for elementary students

    Maier, who took office in November, notified parents and teachers of the change at the district’s 31 elementary schools on Wednesday via automated phone message.It becomes even more curious, for that matter, in light of three other facts: 1. They include children’s frustration and exhaustion, lack of time for other activities, and possible loss of interest in learning.Harris Cooper, a professor of psychology and director of Duke's Program in Education, said the research synthesis that he led showed the positive correlation was much stronger for secondary students --- those in grades 7 through 12 --- than those in elementary school. "Even for high school students, overloading them with homework is not associated with higher grades," Cooper said.Some elementary school teachers assign free reading as homework, but kids and parents do not always perceive these assignments as true homework that must be completed, she explained.We want what’s best for our children, and when kids hit school age we follow the teacher’s lead. “You have to do your homework,” we say, even when deep inside we know that the crying, wiggling child stuck in the homework chair desperately needs something else. Instead, my mother would say, “What’s your evening like? If we want to improve test scores and enhance memory, focus and problem-solving ability, we need to give kids good sleep. Research doesn't have all the answers, but a review of some existing data yields some helpful observations and guidance.Meanwhile many teachers argue that take-home lessons are key to helping students learn.For instance, little research has been done to assess whether a student's race, socioeconomic status or ability level affects the importance of homework in his or her achievement.After decades of debate, researchers are still sorting out the truth about homework’s pros and cons.Cooper’s study came out 10 years ago, but it’s back in the news thanks to posts on Time and Salon by Heather Schumaker, author of .

    research on homework for elementary students

    Younger children also have less effective study habits.No one really knows whether all those math sheets and spelling drills add up to anything.Cooper is one of Kohn's main foils and a leading scholar on the subject, so I picked up his book expecting to find a convincing counterargument defending homework. Cooper's research shows that, much of the time, take-home assignments in elementary school are an act of faith.What should parents do if they want to put an end to it? Harris Cooper of Duke University is the pre-eminent scholar on homework.Some researchers are urging schools to take a fresh look at homework and its potential for engaging students and improving student performance. Survey data and anecdotal evidence show that some students spend hours nightly doing homework.Homework usually falls into one of three categories: practice, preparation, or extension. Individualized assignments that tap into students' existing skills or interests can be motivating.

    research on homework for elementary students research on homework for elementary students

    Research Trends Why Homework Should Be Balanced - Edutopia

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